Environmental Protection Review Canada
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About Us

Who Are We?

Environmental Protection Review Canada is a group of expert adjudicators (called “Review Officers”), entirely separate from Environment and Climate Change Canada, that conducts reviews of Environmental Protection Compliance Orders ("EPCOs") and Administrative Monetary Penalties (“AMPs”).

Under the Antarctic Environmental Protection Act, Canada Wildlife Act, Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, International River Improvements Act, and Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 enforcement officers have the power to issue EPCOs to prevent a violation, to stop an on-going violation or to require that violations be corrected. Any person who has been issued an EPCO may ask for an independent review conducted by a Review Officer. Review Officers have the authority to confirm or cancel an EPCO. They may also amend, suspend, add or delete a term or condition of an EPCO. The decisions of Review Officers in respect of EPCOs may be appealed to the Federal Court.

Under the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Act and Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations, enforcement officers have the power to issue AMPs. AMPs may be issued in respect of prescribed violations of the following statutes: Antarctic Environmental Protection Act and its regulations, Canada Wildlife Act and its regulations, Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 and its regulations, Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and its regulations, International River Improvements Act and its regulations, and Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act and its regulations. Any person who has been issued an AMP may ask for an independent review conducted by a Review Officer. Review Officers have the authority to determine whether the person committed the violation and whether the amount of an AMP is correct. The decisions of Review Officers in respect of AMPs are final and, except for judicial review under the Federal Courts Act, are not subject to appeal.